Planting a dwarf fruit tree orchard



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You will need a map and plenty of paper to sketch out your plans so when planting day comes, you will know exactly where everything is going and how many trees to order and be confident that every single one of them is going to bear fruit. Once your trees are in the ground, they may be there for another century so careful planning is needed! When we look at a patch of ground, whether it is on wild rolling hills or a more modest patch inside a housing estate, there are some key things we look out for to ensure the trees will thrive. Most fruit trees require hours of sunlight for good growth and fruit ripening although as a general rule of thumb, cooking varieties require fewer hours. Buildings and trees are the usual sources of shade.

Content:
  • DOWNLOAD OUR FREE EBOOK
  • Cooperative Extension: Tree Fruits
  • How Much Space Do You Need Between Fruit Trees?
  • How and when to plant fruit trees
  • Growing Apples in the Home Orchard
  • All About Dwarf Fruit Trees
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Totally Preventable Mistakes When Planting Fruit Trees

DOWNLOAD OUR FREE EBOOK

Dwarf stock fruit trees are simply easier to manage, easier to look after and easier to harvest than bigger trees. Chris Bowers remains your dwarftree nursery of choice for the widest range of small growing fruit trees for patio and small garden.

Why, you might ask, would a large-scale grower with acres to play with want smaller, less productive trees? Add into the discussion the fact that the fruits of these smaller trees can often be larger, and of better quality, plus the ease of harvest [no ladders required] as well as general upkeep and it quickly becomes a no-brainer.

Oh, and dwarfing trees are also quicker to come into fruit! The less experienced would — quite naturally assume — that a vigorously growing tree will start to yield more quickly than a slower, dwarf one. The reverse is true!

Particularly if you want to mow or grass beneath them, for example. The top part anyway — with the branches and trunk — will be that variety. The two have been ingeniously joined together as part of the propagation process. So why do we use rootstocks?

Even under specialist propagation conditions with mist and cover etc, you would be lucky to get a respectable take, which obviously for commercial reasons on the nursery is of prime importance. But, even more importantly, rootstocks are used because they influence the tree itself in good ways. But by purchasing from specialist fruit tree nurseries you will be presented with a choice of rootstocks, amongst which will be those precious smaller growing ones.

So, what can we grow in this way? More or less anything! With the commercial importance of small-growing fruit trees has come the development of dwarf and miniature rootstocks for apple, pear, plum, gage, damson and cherry. Fruit trees love sunshine and this is true for the smaller growing miniature and patio fruits as well.

The more hours of sun you can give then the better the results will be - you will find the fruit is sweeter and ripens with more colour; remember that it will probably be earlier ins eason too - protected patio's may have a microclimate that is warmer than the surrounding area. If you have an area that is more shaded then some varieties can still cope and do well - notably the Morello cherry, cooking apple varieties, damson and quince too. Lastly try to select a spot that is out of the wind as there is nothing more irritating than continually having to stand up trees in pots that have blown over!

You will find the recommendations and rootstocks given here work just as well for the allotment, smaller garden, or in patio pots as well. Allotments have height restrictions wherte you aren't allowed to trees over a certain size, but by making your selection from the information given in this article you can polant with confidence knowing that you will get procutive trees that won't contravene any rules and regulations.

These naturally dwarfing trees are ideal for containerisation; just make sure you select the dwarfing trees and an appropriate sized container of not less than 24". On the nursery we prefer to use a Loam based compost such as John Innes no 2 or a similar type, it's better than peat based compost for fruit trees in containers. Make sure you feed - and water - regularly and, with a little care your apples, pears, plums, gages, cherries, peaches - and nectarines - can stay in pots for years.

In many ways they are easier to care for than garden grown trees because they can more readily be protected from pests, birds and worse weather. Now comes the exciting bit! No doubt you already have an idea of your preferred choices. This will guide you through the selection process with a simplified list of the best varieties to go for. In most cases self fertile is best because it avoids the pollination issues associated with other varieties. You can grow those two as well, by the way. Red Falstaff is my number one choice of apple tree, period.

Because it has everything. The blossom is especially attractive too. If you prefer green crisp apples then Greensleeves is a very good option. Again, self fertile, the inner flesh is so clean, crisp and juicy, refreshing without being too tart. A good doer and easy to grow. The fruits will keep and have a good flavour.

Self pollinating of course. Popular varieties you may know such as Gala, Braeburn, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith and the cooker Bramleys can all be grown as dwarf trees too; just remember these are all varieties that will require a pollinator with another different variety.

Concorde is self fertile and has an excellent sweet taste; easy to grow, ripens from late September. Williams Pears are truly delicious and this variety does well as a dwarf tree, but it will need pollinating with a Concorde or Conference. Plum trees for small gardens are easily grown with some basic knowledge. Make sure youb choose a space saving column tree, or a dwarfing bush roottsock such as Pixy. As for varieties Everyone cries in unison. Jubilee would my pick — it comes from Sweden so it seems impervious to cold.

Self fertile, crops are pretty impressive and so is the quality. Jubilee suits dessert or cooking. Czar is an oldie that many folk hold dear. Violetta is another newie worth mentioning. It fruits quite early, from late July and is super-hardy. There is a fine range of self fertile near-black to dark red super sweet dessert Cherries. Sunburst, Summer Sun, Celeste and the older Stella all fit the bill admirably.

Nectarella is the Nectarine equivalent. All these fruits are most attractive and a joy to grow, crops can be quite heavy in a sunny sheltered corner.

And they are all self fertile so no pollination issues to worry about. You can also grow them in a Greenhouse if preferred. A mini Apricot tree is harder to find as Apricots aren't compatible on dwarfing stocks, however there are a couple of naturally smaller growing varieties that can easily be accomodated on the patio, in a container or smaller garden border.

Look for Isabelle Apricot Tree and the new Aprigold, both will give delicious results! Of course the obvious gome to your dwarf fruit trees is in an easy to manage container or pot. Observe a few pointers and your trees will thrive in such an environment. Fill it with a loam based potting compost such as John Innes no 2 or a similar brand your local stockist can recommend.

Never use garden soil. But experiment if you want to. Any type of container is suitable, plastic, clay, whatever. As long asa it has adequate drainage -0 no tree likes to sit in water. So try to get into a routine and water once a day — early or late are the best times. Puddle the compost direct with the watering can or hose. By far the easiest method, and the one we use on the Nursery, is to apply osmocote granules once every Spring.

This type of fertilizer is slow release so you get a steady trickle of nutrients right through the season. Clever, eh! This can often be made a quite complicated and convoluted subject; undoubtedly some pruning will be essential to your trees but as long as some basics are observed then it will provide you with good results. There i. One or all of these should be shortened after planting, by about one third of their current length.

This will encourage greater bushiness and bud bearing spurs. Cut them off clean at the trunk. In subsequent seasons more strong growing upright branches will likely be produced. Again, they can and should be cut back by one third. If you are looking for a nice selection of trees to start growing, for your patio, or for a smaller garden then you will be pleased to know that you can get a nice ready made selection of 1 apple, 1 pear and 1 plum tree, separately labelled.

The trees are supplied as 18mont old to two year old specimens; you should get aharvest maybe within 1 year, or 2 years at most. Have a look at this lovely dwarf furit collection by clicking here. Crab Apple Japanese Flowering Cherries. Contact Us FAQs. Dwarf fruit trees for allotments You will find the recommendations and rootstocks given here work just as well for the allotment, smaller garden, or in patio pots as well.

Variety selection Now comes the exciting bit! There i s a lot more information that the less experienced can safely leave to the specialists. All pruning is best carried out over winter. These are the basics that will get you by and help the tree to produce fruits early in life. Click here to request our catalogue.


Cooperative Extension: Tree Fruits

A home apple orchard can conveniently provide tasty, fresh fruits for family consumption. One can also have cultivars that may not otherwise be readily available at grocery stores or local orchards. A well-established and maintained apple orchard also enhances the appearance of the home landscape as specimen, border, espaliered or trellised plants, while producing food for the family. However, there is more to growing fruit than planting the trees and harvesting the crop. Growing high-quality apples requires considerable knowledge about cultivar selection, planting site, soil types, planting techniques, training, pruning, fertilization and pest management. Without sufficient and proper care for apple trees, fruit quality will be quite poor.

We can grow some amazing fruit here, and the varieties of trees that we sell have been grown here successfully for many years. Apple Trees. We have world class.

How Much Space Do You Need Between Fruit Trees?

Select varieties of fruit trees that you like to eat, and that are suited to where you live — check your local garden centre for top recommendations in your region. Feed your fruit and they will reward you with a bumper crop. Plants use nutrients from the soil as they grow, so replenishing the nutrients ensures your fruit plants will grow to their full potential. Water deeply and regularly. Well watered, well nourished fruit will have a better chance of keeping insect pests and diseases at bay. Prune if you need to for either a desired shape, to remove any diseased stems, or to improve air circulation. Remove any fruit that forms in the first season after planting. This is to allow the tree to establish a strong root system and framework of branches, rather than putting a lot of energy into fruit development.

How and when to plant fruit trees

Layout is influenced by tree cultural requirements and other characteristics. Consider grouping species requiring similar pest and disease management strategies — stone fruits together, pome fruits together, etc. Or, group by expected bloom dates where the effects of microclimates are pronounced. Put species earliest to bloom at the warmest location.

Apples are pollinated by insects, with bees and flies transferring pollen from flowers of one apple tree to those of another.

Growing Apples in the Home Orchard

Summer fruits are among the most delicious things we eat, and ripe summer fruit from your own garden is even better. To keep your fruit trees healthy and producing fruit, learn how and when to prune fruit trees. Below are fruiting trees that grow well in northern Virginia and that we find are generally the easiest to care for. Choose a south or southwest position to plant your tree, and make sure it receives full sun. Figs like a soil pH in the neutral range, about 6 to 7 pH, and fertile soil.

All About Dwarf Fruit Trees

We sell ONLY the trees and plants that we have grown, and harvested fruit from in on our experimental orchard in Winterport, Maine. Each year we add more varieties to this orchard to see how they do in our extreme climate. Hardy fruit trees are a MUST! We do not have time for that. Our Maine tested trees will make growing fruit easy for you.

These are things to consider when planting a tree. OTHER IMPORTANT TIPS FOR PLANTING: Plant a variety that is LOW MAINTENANCE. This is the most important thing.

Small fruits like blueberries and blackberries are simple to grow, but tree fruits are more challenging. Begin with trees that are dormant and soil that has suitable moisture to establish the root system. First, select the location of your orchard.

JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Many people think growing dwarf fruit trees means small trees with small fruit, however you actually get a tree about half the size with full sized fruit. The great advantage of dwarf fruit trees, besides the huge variety available, is the opportunity of having your own miniature orchard. Planting dwarf fruit trees lets you have more variety in one space and saves you time pruning, with no need for a ladder at harvest time.

Dwarf fruit trees might be just the thing for a smaller garden space.

If you cannot find an answer below to a question you may have then please email us at info irishseedsavers. On receiving bare-rooted trees, unpack and inspect the trees. Ensure their roots are not allowed to dry out and that they are stored in a cool environment — eg: in an open shed. Roots need both oxygen and water, that is why they need to be kept damp but not saturated at all times. If the site is not prepared then heel the trees into free-draining cultivated soil or compost outdoors, until the planting holes are ready.

How to select and care for fruit trees to ensure a bountiful, organic harvest. And you can enjoy a steady supply of fruit for much of the year. Besides fresh fruit in the fall, you can store apples through winter, and can preserve fruit for year-round use in cooking and baking.



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